Sunday, 19 August 2018

Head injury and concussion

most head injuries aren't critical. You do not commonly need to go to sanatorium and need to make a full recuperation inside 2 weeks.

go to A&E after a head injury if you or your toddler have:
been knocked out but have now woken up
been vomiting since the harm
a headache that does not leave with painkillers
a change in behaviour, like being extra irritable
issues with reminiscence
been ingesting alcohol or taking tablets just before the damage
a blood clotting sickness (like haemophilia) or take blood-thinners (like warfarin)
had brain surgical procedure inside the past
You or your infant should have concussion.

symptoms commonly begin within 24 hours but once in a while might not appear for up to 3 weeks.

locate your nearest A&E

call 999 if a person has hit their head and has:
been knocked out and hasn't woken up
trouble staying wakeful or retaining their eyes open
a fit (seizure)
problems with their imaginative and prescient
clean fluid coming from their ears or nose
bleeding from their ears or bruising at the back of their ears
numbness or weak spot in part of their frame
issues with taking walks, balance, understanding, talking or writing
hit their head in a critical coincidence, which include a automobile crash
also call 999 in case you can not get someone to A&E competently.

the way to treat a minor head injury
in case you do not need to visit clinic, you may usually appearance after yourself or your infant at domestic.

it is normal to have signs along with a moderate headache, or feeling sick or dazed, for up to 2 weeks.

To assist restoration:

Do
keep an ice percent (or a bag of frozen peas in a tea towel) to the injury often for short durations within the first few days to convey down any swelling
relaxation and avoid pressure – you or your baby don't want to stay conscious in case you're tired
take paracetamol to alleviate ache or a headache – don't use ibuprofen or aspirin as they could reason the harm to bleed
make certain an grownup remains with you or your baby for at the least the first 24 hours – name 111 for advice if there is no one who can live with you
don't
move returned to work or faculty until you are feeling higher
pressure until you experience you've got absolutely recovered
play contact sports activities for as a minimum 3 weeks – kids need to avoid difficult play for some days
take pills or drink alcohol until you feel better
take napping capsules at the same time as you're convalescing – unless a doctor advises you to
See a GP if:
your or your infant's signs and symptoms final extra than 2 weeks
you're now not certain if it is secure with a purpose to force or return to paintings, school or sports activities
Head lice and nits are very common in young kids. They do not have some thing to do with dirty hair and are normally picked up from head-to-head touch.

check if it is head lice
A head louse in hair on the scalp
Head lice are small bugs, as much as 3mm lengthy, and can be hard to identify
A near-up photo of a head louse in hair at the scalp
close-up view of a head louse
Head lice eggs in hair at the scalp
Head lice eggs (nits) are yellow, brown or white (empty shells) and attached to the hair
Head lice sometimes could make your head sense:

itchy
like something is moving on your hair
The handiest manner to make sure a person has head lice is by means of finding live lice or eggs.

you could try this with the aid of combing their hair with a special pleasant-toothed comb (detection comb). you could buy those on-line or at pharmacies.

how to cast off head lice
crucial
you could deal with head lice without seeing a GP.

treat head lice as quickly as you see them. You should check anyone inside the residence and deal with them on the equal day if they have head lice.

there is no need to preserve your infant off school in the event that they have head lice.

moist combing
Lice and nits can be removed by way of wet combing. This method need to be tried first.

you can buy a unique satisfactory-toothed comb (detection comb) on-line or from pharmacies to dispose of head lice and nits.

There may be instructions on the percent to observe, but generally you:

use the comb on moist or dry hair – even though it generally works quality on moist hair with conditioner
comb the complete head of hair, from the roots to the ends
repeat each few days for two weeks
It generally takes about 10 mins to comb quick hair, and 20 to 30 minutes for lengthy, frizzy or curly hair.

Medicated lotions and sprays
Ask your pharmacist for recommendation when you have attempted moist combing for two weeks, but your infant nevertheless has head lice or nits.

they will recommend the use of medicated lotions and sprays. these kill head lice in all styles of hair, and you can purchase them from pharmacies, supermarkets or online.

Head lice need to die within a day. lotions and sprays include a comb to do away with dead lice and eggs.

a few treatments want to be repeated after per week to kill any newly hatched lice.

check the percent to see if they are good enough for you or your toddler and the way to use them.

If lotions or sprays do not work, talk on your pharmacist about different remedies.

a few remedies aren't recommended due to the fact they are unlikely to work.

as an instance:

products containing permethrin
head lice "repellents"
electric powered combs for head lice
tree and plant oil remedies, together with tea tree oil, eucalyptus oil and lavender oil natural remedies
You cannot save you head lice
there may be not anything you could do to prevent head lice. you can lessen the risk of lice spreading by using keeping off head-to-head touch.

do not use medicated creams and sprays to save you head lice. this will aggravate the scalp.

there is no want for children to stay off college, or to wash laundry on a warm wash.

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